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Tesi etd-02052018-123722

Type of thesis
Master univ. I liv.
Author
SILAIGWANA, UTLOILE
URN
etd-02052018-123722
Title
Participation for good governance: involvement of marginalised groups in elections in Zimbabwe, a focus on people living with disabilities.
Scientific disciplinary sector
ING-IND/34
Course
Master in Electoral Policy and Administration (MEPA) (online)
Committee
relatore Dott.ssa LUNARDI, VIVIANE
Tutor Prof. DE GUTTRY, ANDREAS M.T.
Keywords
  • good governance
  • marginalised groups
  • participation
  • people living with disabilities
Exam session start date
;
Availability
completa
Abstract
Zimbabwe has a disability population of 1.5 million suffering from a generalised lack of access to fundamental rights and freedoms across the entire social, economic and political spectrum. This population is generally marginalised and disenfranchised.<br>Participation to election processes is detrimental to democracy and governance. The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities elaborates on the right of persons with disabilities to participate in political life of their societies. Accessibility to the electoral processes by all eligible citizens enables them to vote in elections on a non-discriminatory basis.<br>The objective of the research paper was to establish to what extent persons with disabilities participate without hindrance in the electoral processes. The research sought to find the barriers which affect PWDs in freely and fairly access the electoral process so as to have equal participation in all phases of the electoral cycle. <br>Interviews were conducted and data collected during the research for analysis and interpretation. Views from respondents from organisations that cater for PWDs such as NASCOH and others were solicited and analysed with the view to draw conclusions and make appropriate recommendations.<br>The research findings were that persons with disabilities do not have access to information on electoral processes. <br>Data analysis also identified the following:<br>a. Low or lack of self-esteem on the physically challenged<br>b. Lack of access and basic and crucial voter information<br>c. Negative social perceptions and attitude of society<br>d. Non-availability of jobs and education<br>e. Infrastructural and architectural barriers such as polling stations without ramps<br><br>The findings reveal that there is more to be done by both the EMB and various organisations particularly those that deal with PWDs in ensuring that the rights of the marginalised are protected. <br>
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