Digital Theses Archive


Tesi etd-04272017-173151

Type of thesis
Human Activity Recognition based on Depth Camera for Assistive Robotics
Scientific disciplinary sector
INGEGNERIA - Biorobotics
relatore Dott. CAVALLO, FILIPPO
  • activity recognition
  • assistive robotics
  • cloud robotics
  • depth camera
Exam session start date
Nowadays the development of technologies strictly connected to humans increased exponentially. Smartphones, smart bracelets and any sorts of Internet of Things (IoT) devices permeate our daily life. Realistically, in the near future, technologies related to smart homes will further increase, and any kind of sensors, domestic robots, computers and wearable devices will share the home environment<br>with us. Therefore, the importance to be aware of human behaviors is beyond doubt.<br>Human activity recognition plays an important role in the context of ambient assisted living, providing useful tools to improve people quality of life.<br><br>This dissertation investigates and discusses the use of a human activity recognition system based on depth camera for assistive robotics. In particular, the thesis deals with different aspects of the main topic, ranging from classification performances of daily living activity, application to social interactions, integration with robotics by means of Cloud technology, and a combined approach with a wearable sensor. The developed human activity recognition system is based on skeleton data<br>and represents an activity using a set of few and basic postures. Machine learning<br>techniques are employed to extract key poses and to perform the classification. The<br>system is evaluated on two public datasets for daily living activity. An adaptation<br>to address social activity interactions is also presented. In addition, the use of Cloud<br>technologies to integrate the recognition module with a robotic system is investigated. The robotic system is evaluated with challenging tests carried out in realistic environment. Finally, a multimodal approach, which extends the system with the introduction of features extracted from a wearable device, is proposed. Results from the experimental tests show that a system having the described features is feasible for the real application in assistive contexts.