DTA

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Tesi etd-05092021-190127

Type of thesis
Master univ. I liv.
Author
FILARDI, MARTA
E-mail address
filardi.marta@gmail.com
URN
etd-05092021-190127
Title
Female agricultural workers in Tunisia. Prospect of study and improvement through field research and participatory needs analysis.
Structure
Istituto di Diritto, Politica e Sviluppo
Course
Corsi Alta Formazione - MASTER IN HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
Committee
relatore Dott.ssa CRETA, ANNALISA
Presidente Prof. SOMMARIO, EMANUELE GIUSEPPE
Membro Dott.ssa PIRAS, ELISA
Keywords
  • female agricultural workers
  • participatory needs analysis
  • socio-economic rights
  • Tunisia
Exam session start date
14/05/2021;
Availability
completa
Abstract
This dissertation aims to understand whether participatory analysis and field research could provide a deeper understanding, as compared to the current literature, of women’s working conditions in agriculture in five disadvantaged regions of Tunisia. At present, this phenomenon has received little academic attention.<br>This study also seeks to understand how these research methodologies can facilitate the access to economic and social rights for these women, and whether they could be reproduced and applied in other contexts.<br>The macro-context for this thesis was created through interdisciplinary literature review.<br>Agricultural policies implemented by Tunisian institutions from the independence from the French protectorate onwards were taken into consideration, in order to understand how a greater liberalisation of trade and economy have exacerbated regional inequalities, already present in Tunisia, and heavily affected the agricultural workers (who are mostly women). An overview of the working conditions of women agricultural workers was then written, considering the main difficulties they encounter in their work, their relations with employers and intermediaries. Subsequently, the social group investigated was contextualised in a legal framework, taking into account the international, regional and national obligations that were designed to protect agricultural workers, with a gender perspective. An analysis was carried out in order to understand the main legislative and implementation gaps, and the author has subsequently proposed some recommendations.<br>A case study was developed through field research that included interviews with associations active in the five regions and Tunisian research centres, and through a consultation of an action-research work carried out with rural women.<br>Conclusions were drawn from the analysis of the results of the case study. The research methods used for the dissertation seem to have contributed to enrich the knowledge of the social phenomenon investigated. They also seem to have laid the foundations to improve access to certain socio-economic rights, activating mechanisms of awareness and empowerment in the women interviewed. The field analysis and interviews with local organizations and research centers has contributed to opening new perspectives regarding some gaps in the implementation of the legislative provisions on agricultural work.<br>
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