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Tesi etd-05142023-231909

Type of thesis
Corso Ordinario Secondo Livello
Author
LANINI, MARGHERITA
URN
etd-05142023-231909
Title
Abstentionism and Class Divides in Italy
Structure
Cl. Sc. Sociali - Scienze Economiche
Course
SCIENZE ECONOMICHE E MANAGERIALI - SCIENZE ECONOMICHE E MANAGERIALI
Committee
Relatore Prof.ssa VIRGILLITO, MARIA ENRICA
Tutor Prof. TAMAGNI, FEDERICO
Presidente Prof. IRALDO, FABIO
Membro Prof. TESTA, FRANCESCO
Membro Prof.ssa VAINIERI, MILENA
Membro Prof. DI MININ, ALBERTO
Membro Prof. BELLINI, NICOLA
Keywords
  • Nessuna parola chiave trovata
Exam session start date
12/06/2023;
Availability
completa
Abstract
The increase in both income and wealth inequality experienced by many advanced countries in recent decades have spurred the interests of scholars in investigating the dynamics underlying this phenomenon. Market-based and Institutional explanations have been put forward.<br>This work, starting from the Institutional perspective, aims to underline and verify the relevance of a class-based approach to study inequality and society’s dynamics. The main contribution of the present work starts from concepts of internal dynamics of power between occupational categories that suggest the relevance of a class-stratification framework based on job qual-<br>ifications, in order to then bring the analysis further focusing on social behaviour. The analysed social behaviour is abstentionism and the aim is to verify through empirical analysis whether theoretical and empirical studies<br>signalling the relevance of the tool of job qualifications can be supported by the evidence that class divides between job titles actually significantly maps into social behaviour. The job qualifications tool is not the only possible tool<br>considered, indeed also other available macro-categories for class-stratification as gender, geographical area and age class are included.<br>The main methodology employed is wavelet analysis, through which short and long-run comovements between between-category wage inequality indexes and abstentionism dynamics are computed. Results show that the wage inequality index constructed across job qualifications presents the highest intensity, which is even stronger at lower frequencies. This evidence suggests that diverging conditions of job qualifications in the Italian labour market are related to the strong increase in abstentionism mainly through long-term dynamics.
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