DTA

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Tesi etd-05232022-174925

Type of thesis
Corso Ordinario Ciclo Unico 6 Anni
Author
MANGONE, LORENZO
URN
etd-05232022-174925
Title
Co-benefits of a sustainable diet, evaluating the impact of a climate conscious diet on health outcomes
Structure
Cl. Sc. Sperimentali - Medicina
Course
SCIENZE MEDICHE - SCIENZE MEDICHE
Committee
Tutor Prof. EMDIN, MICHELE
Presidente Prof. PASSINO, CLAUDIO
Membro Prof. LIONETTI, VINCENZO
Membro Prof.ssa ANGELONI, DEBORA
Membro Dott.ssa CASIERI, VALENTINA
Keywords
  • climate change
  • co-benefits
  • diet
  • nutrition
Exam session start date
20/06/2022;
Availability
parziale
Abstract
The current food system accounts for up to a third of global carbon change emissions, at the same time many of the least sustainable food products are also well known risk factors for multiple disease, most importantly cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). For this reason, recently there has been an increasing effort in developing dietary guidelines that promote a diet that is both sustainable and healthy, that culminated with the creation of the EAT-Lacet commission and its recommendations. Starting from these dietary guidelines we created a novel indicator to asses how closely a given person dietary pattern followed the guidelines provided by EAT-Lancet. Afterwards, using data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Italy cohort, we assessed wether this indicator can act as a predictor of: all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, cancer incidence and rapid biological ageing as assed by epigenetic clocks. Moreover, using data from the SHARP Indicators Database we demonstrated the strong correlation between low scores of our indicator and the corresponding dietary greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and land use (LU) values.
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