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Tesi etd-05282021-150336

Type of thesis
Corsi integrativi di II livello
Author
TRANCHINA, MARGHERITA
URN
etd-05282021-150336
Title
“Ecosystem services for sustainable development: origin, normative framework and mapping tools.”
Structure
Cl. Sc. Sperimentali - Agraria
Course
SCIENZE AGRARIE E BIOTECNOLOGIE - SCIENZE AGRARIE E BIOTECNOLOGIE
Committee
Tutor Prof. BONARI, ENRICO
Presidente Prof. TONUTTI, PIETRO
Membro Dott.ssa BARTOLINI, SUSANNA
Membro Prof.ssa ERCOLI, LAURA
Membro Dott. DELL'ACQUA, MATTEO
Membro Dott.ssa Gonzali, Silvia
Membro Dott.ssa MOONEN, ANNA CAMILLA
Relatore Dott. MANTINO, ALBERTO
Relatore Dott.ssa Martina Occelli
Keywords
  • agriculture.
  • agroecosystems
  • ecosystem services
  • Resilience
  • sustainability
  • valuation
Exam session start date
15/06/2021;
Availability
completa
Abstract
The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview regarding the history, the economic and normative aspects of the concept of ecosystem services, an increasingly relevant idea with concrete and important implications for sustainable development and agricultural production, often used however as a buzzword or a post hoc justification for the research (Abson et al. 2014).<br>World population is expected to increase up to 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100 (United Nations DESA 2019), presenting huge challenges for sustainable development and putting increasing stress on already scarce and overexploited resources (Waters et al. 2016).<br>In this perspective, the main reason behind this work is to evaluate whether the framework of Ecosystem Services can be regarded as a tool towards sustainability and resilience analysis of (agro)ecosystems.<br>After careful research and evaluation about the origin and current understanding of the topic, it became evident that ES are not an evaluation tool themselves but rather a framework to classify and assess ecosystems and their functions, services and subsequently benefits for humans. A sustainability or resilience analysis can be based on the ecosystem services framework as a way to communicate using a common language between researchers of different backgrounds but depends on the accurate selection or development of indicators, holistic evaluation tools and on scenario analysis and trade-off considerations.
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