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Tesi etd-08012016-131350

Type of thesis
Dottorato
Author
CALVINO, FLAVIO
URN
etd-08012016-131350
Title
Employment dynamics and Innovation
Scientific disciplinary sector
SECS-P/02
Course
SCIENZE ECONOMICHE E MANAGERIALI - International Doctoral Program in Economics
Committee
Relatore Prof. DOSI, GIOVANNI
Keywords
  • employment dynamics
  • innovation
  • compensation mechanisms
  • entrepreneurship
  • framework conditions
  • volatility
  • dynamic panel
  • quantile regression
  • scaling law
Exam session start date
;
Availability
completa
Abstract
This doctoral thesis focuses on employment dynamics in firms, and on the<br>relationship between employment dynamics and innovation, with a particular focus on the<br>entry process. It conceptualizes theoretically and analyses empirically different aspects of<br>the complex interaction between technical change and employment dynamics, focusing on<br>the heterogeneous effects of different types of innovation on employment growth. In the<br>light of the prominent role of newly-born firms in shaping the creative destruction process<br>and contributing to overall job creation, this thesis provides a characterization of the net job<br>contribution by surviving entrants across a significant number of countries. Using newly<br>collected representative micro-aggregated data, it further analyses whether and how a number<br>of institutional characteristics affect start-ups’ net job creation, focusing on the heterogeneous<br>effects of policies on entrants and incumbents. This thesis finally characterizes a particular<br>feature of the employment growth distributions – employment growth volatility – that not<br>only proves to be crucially mediating the effects of policies on entrants’ net job creation, but<br>also has important micro and macroeconomic implications.
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