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Tesi etd-09282019-190731

Type of thesis
Perfezionamento
Author
IANNONE, FABIO
URN
etd-09282019-190731
Title
Green Public Procurement as a policy instrument for a sustainable economy. A empirical exploration of enabling and limiting factors: from cognitive and organizational barriers to the role of training.
Scientific disciplinary sector
SECS-P/08
Course
SCIENZE ECONOMICHE E MANAGERIALI - Management
Committee
relatore Prof. FREY, MARCO
Presidente Prof. IRALDO, FABIO
Membro Prof. TESTA, FRANCESCO
Membro Dott. BATTAGLIA, MASSIMO
Keywords
  • Circular Economy
  • GPP
  • Green Public Procurement
  • international comparison
  • Italy
  • OECD
  • policies
  • Qualitative analysis
  • Spain
  • Sustainable Procurement
Exam session start date
;
Availability
parziale
Abstract
This thesis tries to deepen the topic of Green Public Procurement-GPP, as defined by the European Commission in 2008: &#34;a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured&#34;. <br>The first chapter investigates the relationship between GPP and Circular Economy-CE, by an international comparison on the main features of GPP policies within CE framework of a sample of EU countries, China, Japan, and the USA. The research was carried on combining interviews with experts and desk research on policy documents collected. The main shreds of evidence are that EU and Eastern countries are leading countries in CE policies. Regarding GPP implementation, differences emerge within Europe, especially in federal states. Besides this, China and the USA suffer a not-organic regulation approach. The main limitation of the present research is the number of interviews conducted. The authors suggest to deep the barriers and drivers on GPP by international comparison with different regional contexts with a higher number of informants.<br>The second chapter is a qualitative comparative research conducted in Italy and Spain, on the role of Environmental training in the way of greening an organization. To pursue this goal, several in-depth interviews were conducted in both the contexts with public officers in charge of purchasing (or very close to that roles) analyzing the barriers and drivers to Green Public Procurement adoption and how this process could be enabled by the Environmental training contribution. Beside a qualitative in-depth international comparison that is not recurrent in GPP literature, the main elements of the novelty of the research presented are the theoretical frameworks adopted to look into this process. We based our analysis on Green Management (Teixeira et al., 2012) and Organizational Learning (Schilling &amp; Kluge, 2009) frameworks. Therefore, two different perspectives were connected, creating an interesting combination and contribution of both human resources and organizational dynamics.<br>The last chapter is a quantitative study conducted in the Italian context, part of an international analysis with a common protocol, performed in the USA, China, Australia, and other European countries. In Italy, the population for the survey consisted of the municipalities with more than 25.000 inhabitants. Within these municipalities, the questionnaire was addressed to several units, mostly dealing with purchasing and operative functions. N.152 responses were collected and a model was constructed combining organizational and individual variables to the rate of implementation of Environmental criteria in public tender within each entity. Parts of Teixeira et al. (2012) and Schilling &amp; Kluge (2009) frameworks were used to discussing the results. <br>
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