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Tesi etd-09292019-143302

Type of thesis
Dottorato
Author
ROMITO, ELENA
URN
etd-09292019-143302
Title
three essays on access to knowledge and IPRs
Structure
SECS-P/06
Course
SCIENZE ECONOMICHE E MANAGERIALI - International Doctoral Program in Economics
Committee
relatore Dott.ssa MARTINELLI, ARIANNA
Presidente Prof. TAMAGNI, FEDERICO
Membro Prof.ssa LAWSON, CORNELIA
Membro Prof. FONTANA, ROBERTO
Keywords
  • IPRs
  • knowledge
  • scientific research
  • patents
Exam session start date
;
Availability
parziale
Abstract
This thesis deals with the topic of inefficiencies deriving from strict IPRs regimes. While knowledge is one of the most important ingredients for further scientific development, IPRs regulate access to existing pieces of knowledge. The limit imposed by IPRs can imply both static and dynamic inefficiencies. The first type of inefficiencies relates to the fact the temporary monopoly associated to the IPR award entails higher prices arbitrarily fixed causing a welfare lost for the consumer’s side. The second refers to the instance where limiting access today diminishes the likelihood of innovating in the future. With this work we provide robust empirical evidence on the negative relation between strict IPRs and innovation at each stage of development. Specifically, we study three separate cases, each one referring to a different stage of the linear model of innovation (basic research, applied research and production). We rely our empirical analysis on three novel databases. With this work we contribute to the ongoing debate over the role of IPRs as an effective mechanism to spur innovation. Our findings provide sound empirical evidence that strict IPRs regimes hamper the innovation process at each stage of development.
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