DTA

Digital Theses Archive

 

Tesi etd-11052021-174524

Type of thesis
Corsi integrativi di II livello
Author
WOLF, STELLA
URN
etd-11052021-174524
Title
IHL in practice: Analyzing the impact of the Nigerian Super Camp Strategy on the abidance to IHL principles
Structure
Cl. Sc. Sociali - Scienze Politiche
Course
SCIENZE POLITICHE - SCIENZE POLITICHE
Committee
Relatore Prof. SOMMARIO, EMANUELE GIUSEPPE
Tutor Prof. STRAZZARI, FRANCESCO
Presidente Prof.ssa HENRY, BARBARA
Membro Dott. RAINERI, LUCA
Membro Prof.ssa LORETONI, ANNA
Membro Dott. BRESSANELLI, Edoardo
Membro Prof.ssa CRISTIANI, ELOISA
Membro Prof. NATALI, DAVID
Membro Prof. DE GUTTRY, ANDREAS M.T.
Membro Prof. PIRNI, ALBERTO EUGENIO ERMENEGILDO
Keywords
  • Humanitarian Access
  • IHL
  • North-East Nigeria
  • Super Camp Strategy
Exam session start date
01/12/2021;
Availability
completa
Abstract
In August 2019, Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari announced the launch of the so-called super camp strategy. However, the fallback has been the withdrawal from many territories which have faced increasing levels of vulnerability.<br>The aim of this research is to inquire how the super camp strategy has impacted on the abidance to IHL principles in north-east Nigeria. The work is the result of a combination of desk research and fieldwork. <br>The results show that both the Nigerian government and the non-state armed groups have fallen short from abiding to IHL Additional Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions. Nonetheless, the highly fragmented legal environment shows violations of IHL dotting the landscape before the implementation of the strategy, and few commitments from both sides of the conflict to remedy the problem. The strategy thus functions as an exacerbator of these trends, fueling new the violations, further restricting the space available for humanitarian organizations to work in and highlighting how both the government and NSAGs have come less to their obligations under international humanitarian law long before, questioning the same role of IHL provisions in NIACs.
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