DTA

Digital Theses Archive

 

Tesi etd-11072022-202157

Type of thesis
Corso Ordinario Secondo Livello
Author
FRANCHELLUCCI, GIOIA
E-mail address
gioia.franchellucci@gmail.com
URN
etd-11072022-202157
Title
Aiding “the reign of terror”: humanitarian challenges and political implications of foreign aid governance in a Taliban-led Afghanistan.
Structure
Cl. Sc. Sociali - Scienze Politiche
Course
SCIENZE POLITICHE - SCIENZE POLITICHE
Committee
Tutor Prof. STRAZZARI, FRANCESCO
Relatore Prof. NARBONE, LUIGI
Presidente Prof.ssa LORETONI, ANNA
Membro Prof.ssa HENRY, BARBARA
Membro Prof. DE GUTTRY, ANDREAS M.T.
Membro Prof. NATALI, DAVID
Membro Prof.ssa CAPONE, FRANCESCA
Membro Prof.ssa ALABRESE, MARIAGRAZIA
Tutor Prof. BRESSANELLI, Edoardo
Keywords
  • Afghanistan
  • Foreign aid
  • Humanitarian aid
  • International Security
  • Western Donors
Exam session start date
30/11/2022;
Availability
completa
Abstract
On August 30, 2021, the last American aircraft left Afghanistan. This symbolic day marked the end of four decades of uninterrupted war for the country. At the same time the unexpected unfolding of events triggered several dilemmas in the international community’s interaction with Afghanistan and its new de facto authorities. For the first time in modern history a cabinet with appointed FBI most wanted terrorists managed to gain the complete control of a State. The violent escalation of the Taliban to power and their records of brutality, immediately pushed the world to adopt an isolating posture towards the new Afghan establishment. However, if the Taliban in power represent a threat, the complex humanitarian, economic, and financial crises, affecting the almost forty million people living in Afghanistan appeared as an even bigger peril to the country, the region, and the world. Starting from these elements the elaborate navigates how in the last 14 months the humanitarian and political actors responded to the challenges linked to the necessity to deliver aid to the Afghan population, while facing the risks stemming from engagement and a possible perceived endorsement of the Taliban regime. The overarching question leading this research was: How has the Taliban control of Afghanistan impacted the linkages between security and delivery of foreign aid in humanitarian and political terms? The inquiry was explored in a transversal manner by scrutinizing the theoretical, political, and operative drivers that could contribute to its answer, relying on primary and secondary data collection. The conclusions respond to the research question and highlight positive and negative trajectories of the current approaches. Finally, the elaborated tries to present several policy advices for future engagement with the de facto authorities.
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