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Tesi etd-11302020-214239

Type of thesis
Dottorato
Author
CABALLERO VELEZ, DIEGO
URN
etd-11302020-214239
Title
Producing public goods in the field of refugee protection: the case study of Poland in times of migrant and refugee crisis
Scientific disciplinary sector
SPS/04
Course
Istituto di Diritto, Politica e Sviluppo - JOINT PHD IN POLITICAL SCIENCE, EUROPEAN POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Committee
relatore Prof. CALOSSI, ENRICO
Membro Prof.ssa  Sobczak-Szelc, Karolina
Membro Prof. C. Roberts, James
Membro Dott. Pachocka , Marta
Membro Prof. PIZZIMENTI, EUGENIO
Membro Prof. Volmer, Bastian
Keywords
  • EU migration and asylum policy
  • identity
  • Poland
  • public goods
Exam session start date
06/07/2021;
Availability
parziale
Abstract
In the past decade, a huge development on public goods literature has taken place. Public goods theory has its roots in economics and has tried to understand collective action failure in the market context. When it comes to analizying actors’ preferences in the provision of public goods, scholars have used a rational choice approach in which actors are moved by an utalitarian-maximizing premise, that is to say, rational choice assumes that actors’ choices are a preferences’ sum without taking into consideration to what extent different preferences may lead to different choices. In this regard, recently, scholars of international relations have tried to understand public goods’ provision under a constructivist approach, assuming that actors’ choices are led by constructed preferences. Accordingly, public goods’ costs and benefits are socially constructed. On this subject, refugee protection dynamics has been investigated through the lens of public goods theory in which refugee protection may be considered as a public good with non-rival and non-excludable benefits. In 2015, the EU launched the 2015 Refugee Emergency Relocation System by which asylum-seekers arriving in Italy and Greece had to be relocated among Member States. Nevertheless, this proposal found a strong opposition from the Visegrad Group countries, that expressed their reluctance to the relocation scheme. In this context, Poland, was reluctant to relocate any refugee from Syria, as the Polish government (Law and Justice political party) perceives them as a security threat; on the other hand, the Polish ruling political party has always been willing to relocate Central Eastern European refugees (most of them Ukrainians) as well as open its doors to those migrants as are considered as labour migants. This research seeks to explain to what extent Polish government considers Middle East migrants a a security threat (cost) and Eastern Central European migrants a a labour resource (benefit) and how it influences in the provision of both private good (labour migration) and public good (refugee protection). Through a frame analysis of political discourses, parlamentary debates, policy documents and interviews with experts this research proposes a new methodological model. This model, based on a public goods’ constructivist approach, analyzes how identity may shape Poland´s preferences in the provision of goods in different types of migration governance.
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